The City Of London 2016 02

The City of London seen from Borough on the South bank. It has been two years since I last photographed this view. Since then the Walkie Talkie and The Leadenhall Building have been completed and more buildings are under construction.

From left to right here you can see Tower 42, The Heron Tower, The Leadenhall Building, The Gherkin, The Walkie Talkie and London Bridge.

Between The Gherkin and The Walkie Talkie you can just see Monument. The Monument to the Great Fire of London, more commonly known simply as the Monument, is a stone column which commemorates the Great Fire of London. It stands at the junction of Monument Street and Fish Street Hill, 62 metres tall and 62 metres from the place where the Great Fire started on 2 September 1666. Constructed between 1671 and 1677, it is the tallest isolated stone column in the world and was built on the site of St. Margaret's, Fish Street, the first church to be burnt down by the Great Fire.

The Monument comprises a fluted Doric column built of Portland stone topped with a gilded urn of fire, and was designed by Christopher Wren and Robert Hooke. Its height marks its distance from the site in Pudding Lane of the shop of Thomas Farynor, the king's baker, where the Great Fire began. The top of the Monument is reached by a narrow winding staircase of 311 steps. A mesh cage was added in the mid-19th century at the top of the Monument to prevent people jumping off, after six people had committed suicide from the structure between 1788 and 1842.

More people died building Sir Christopher Wren's Monument to the Great Fire of London than perished in the fire, two of them in a scuffle in which one builder accused another of stealing his bread and cheese. Both fell to their deaths on the cobbled street below. The explanation that a mouse was actually responsible for the theft is today commemorated by London's smallest public sculpture, two mice and a wedge of cheese on the wall of Philpott Lane.

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